Common Causes of Pediatric Injuries

Common Causes of Pediatric Injuries

Children are prone to bumps, bruises, falls during their early years of life, and these are all part of a curious and active child. Knowing some practical steps and proper planning will prevent these injuries from occurring.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1000 child deaths could have been prevented with enough knowledge on injury prevention measures and here are the five most common causes of child injuries:

Motor vehicle accidents

Injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents affect children ages 5 to 19 and are the top cause of deaths. These are serious injuries that trigger emergency room visits among kids.

Drowning

Babies and toddlers can easily drown in water. Very young children have higher risks in drowning while having a bath so it’s necessary to always be cautiou

Burns

Young children are more likely to be burned by hot liquids or steam while older children are more prone to experience burns through direct fire contact. Every day, children are rushed to the emergency department due to burns.

Falls

Head and spinal injuries are the most common considerations with falls. Falls are mostly responsible for non-deadly injuries in children 0 to 19. It can lead to signs of shock or internal bleeding that places children in immediate danger.

Poisoning

There are common sources of poisoning for children such as household cleaning fluids, chemicals, small button batteries and medications.

It is important to be aware of these common pediatric injuries and it’s best to contact a doctor immediately for symptoms like limping, soreness, swelling & tenderness, increased pain during physical activities and difficulty in sleeping.

To learn about any injuries, or to get more information on prevention and pain management, please contact us today at 806-350-BONE.

Arthritis is On The Rise.  How Can I Prevent Joint Pain?

Arthritis is On The Rise. How Can I Prevent Joint Pain?

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints.  This can cause pain, swelling and tenderness.  About 350 million people worldwide suffer from arthritis.  About 40 million of those people are Americans.  Of those affected, over half are women.

Arthritis is commonly misconstrued as only affecting the aging or elderly.  However, more than half of those with arthritis are under the age of 65.  With these staggering numbers, you might be wondering how one can prevent this joint pain? Check out these helpful tips below.

Healthy Diet

As with prevention of any ailment, a healthy diet is always beneficial to your overall health and wellness. There are several foods you can add to your diet to help prevent joint pain.  The foundation of any diet should consist of fruits and vegetables.   Five servings a day is recommended.  For those of you who are not likely to do that we recommend Juice Plus.   In addition, foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids help reduce swelling and inflammation. This healthy fat is found in salmon, sardines, mackerel, trout, flaxseeds and walnuts. Try eating 3 to 4 ounces of fish, twice a week.  Foods rich in vitamin D promote healthy bones.  In addition to your fish, try to add some more milk or cheese to your diet as well.

Weight Loss

Excessive weight plays a large role in joint pain.  When you lose weight through diet and exercise, you are able to not only relieve stress from your joints, but also increase muscle that supports your joints.

Stay Moving

The more you are moving, the less stiff your joints will be. If you are looking to get your heart rate elevated but want a low impact exercise option, try swimming, bicycling, rowing, and elliptical or even walking.  These are best options for protecting your joints.  In addition to these low impact exercises, you might want to try practices like yoga and Pilates.  These both help strengthen your ab and back muscles, which ultimately help maintain balance and lessens your likelihood of injury by falling.

Make Use of Your Stronger Joints

Do you typically carry a heavy purse or backpack? Consider how you are lifting and carrying heavy items. Allow for larger muscles and joints such as your arms to carry these kinds of items. Take the pressure off smaller joints like fingers and wrists.

Go Hands Free

As mentioned above, keeping joints locked in the same position for an extended period of time does not help with joint pain.  A daily occurrence like talking on the phone can prove harmful over time.  Try going hands free using the speaker or blue tooth features of your phone.

Do you suffer from arthritis pain? Let us help you return to an active and healthy lifestyle. Call Parker Sports Medicine and Orthopedics today to schedule an appointment. 806-350-BONE (2663)

Top 10 Tips for Preventing Sports Injuries

Top 10 Tips for Preventing Sports Injuries

Runners, joggers, baseball players, golfers, dancers, and gymnasts are all prone to sports injuries; however, sports injuries are not limited to athletes – anyone may obtain a sports injury. But, for those who frequently participate in physically demanding activities, it can be very frustrating to get injured.

Sports injuries are often a combination of cartilage, ligament, tendon, and muscle damage – whether it be a ligament tear or partial tear or a sprain. Don’t let the pain from the injury persist; the longer you wait to receive help, the more damage you may cause to the injured area and the longer it will take for you to get back to the sport you love. Here are the top ten tips for preventing sports injuries.

Always Warm Up

A warm-up routine prepares your body for exercise by gradually increasing your heart rate and warming up your muscles.

Always Cool Down

It is just as important to cool down after a game and get plenty of rest.  Rest helps to avoid fatigue and also increase mental and physical alertness. Lack of sleep may predispose you to injury.

Make Sure to Stretch

Stretching is important before any sport or physical activity.  A combination of both static and dynamic stretches during warm ups will help loosen the muscles. It can be detrimental to stretch cold muscles.  Make sure you do a light warm up before stretching before and after exercise. This can be as simple as jogging in place.

Use Proper Technique

Consult with coaches or other experienced players to ensure you are using proper technique in your sport or exercise of choice.

Use Proper Sports Equipment

Wear and use properly fitting/sized sports equipment. This includes everything from your shoes, to your baseball glove, to your safety helmet.

Don’t Overtrain

Increase your activity level gradually over time. If you are learning a new technique today, don’t overwork yourself trying to become an expert in a day. Instead of pushing yourself too hard in one day, train for shorter periods of time over multiple days.

Balanced Training

Make sure you include cardio, strength training and stretching exercises in your weekly training routine. Changing up your routine can help minimize overuse injuries. You want to make sure to avoid continuously putting stress on the same joints

Good Nutrition

Make sure to eat a well-balanced diet. You want to eat plenty of fruits, veggies, and lean proteins.  Having a well-nourished body is important during physical activity.

Hydrate Hydrate Hydrate

Drink plenty of water before, during and after physical activity. Hydration is even more important on hot and humid days.  If exercising strenuously, liquids with electrolytes can be beneficial.  However, carbonated, sugary and alcoholic beverages should be avoided.

Get a Pre-Season Exam

A pre-season exam is a great preventative measure to take before the start of your season.

If you are suffering from a sports injury, we can help! Call Parker Sports Medicine and Orthopedics today. 806-350-BONE(2663)

4 Things Young Athletes Need to Watch Out For

4 Things Young Athletes Need to Watch Out For

While participating in sports has a number of benefits for young athletes, it also has its hazards. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported that over 2.6 million children 19 and under end up being treated in hospital emergency rooms for sports injuries. Such injuries are by far the greatest type of musculoskeletal injuries that require treatment.

Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains are a very common type of sports injury. A sprain is an injury to a ligament, a band of tissue that connects bones to a joint; while a strain involves muscles and/or tendons. A strain involving a muscle is sometimes called a “pulled muscle.” Sprains and strains are common injuries in almost any sport.

ACL Injuries

An ACL injury is a type of sprain, affecting the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the most commonly injured ligament in the knee. The ACL injury has three grades:

  • Grade I is the least severe. The ligament is stretched but not torn, and there is only a little tenderness and swelling. The knee does not feel unstable or give out when being used.
  • In Grade II, the ligament is partially torn, and there is moderate swelling and tenderness. The knee may give out when being used.
  • A Grade III injury is the most severe. The ligament is completely torn or ruptured, but there is surprisingly little pain. The amount of swelling can vary from a little to a lot. The ligament cannot control the knee, so it will feel unstable and give out.

A torn ACL of any grade is caused by sudden twisting of the knee. Sudden changes in direction while running or falling on one’s knee can also cause a torn ACL.

Girls are more susceptible to torn ACLs than are boys, and basketball players, soccer players and football players are particularly vulnerable.

Repetitive Motion Injuries

A young athlete can also be prone to repetitive motion injuries like stress fractures or tendinitis (inflammation of a tendon). This type of sports injury is caused by overuse of the affected muscle, bone and/or tendon. About 50 percent of all sports injuries treated by doctors are repetitive motion injuries. Tendinitis and bursitis (inflammation of a bursa) are the most common types. Repetitive motion injuries are most common in the knees, elbows, shoulders and heels.

Prevention

Given that injury can impair athletic performance or even keep a player out of action for weeks at a time, prevention is crucial:

  • Children should undergo a physical before starting a sport in order to catch potential problems
  • Young athletes should warm up before playing, and condition their bodies well before the sports season
  • A sports team or club should have appropriate and well-maintained equipment
  • Everybody involved should know and abide by the rules

If your young athlete has suffered a sports injury, you can find help at our office. Call 806.350.BONE (2663) to book a consultation.