What is an Orthopedic Surgeon?

What is an Orthopedic Surgeon?

You’ve probably seen a LOT of TV shows or Netflix streams that have surgeons as the main characters. Some are in the general medical field, while others have their own practice. We aren’t all the same!


Orthopedics is defined as a branch of medicine concerning the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic conditions in the musculoskeletal system. It is conducted by specialized doctors with proper training and many years of experience.


The term “orthopedics” is derived from the French word “orthopédie”, labeled by the physician Nicholas Andry de Bois-Regard in the 18th century within a textbook written in 1741. Nicholas derived the term from the Greek words “orthos” (correct or straight) and “paidion” (child). Originally, orthopedics was the diagnosis and treatment for correcting a child’s bone or muscle deformities such as poliosis and scoliosis.


In our modern times, we’ve evolved the word orthopedics to include all ages and the treatment of the entire musculoskeletal system.


What Does an Orthopedic Surgeon Do?

An orthopedic surgeon is a board-certified medical doctor with a minimum of 14 years of conventional education. Orthopedic surgeons work in the field of orthopedics as either generalists or specialists. Generalists work in all practices of orthopedics while specialists work with the treatment of specific conditions ailing the body such as concussions or knee surgery.


Daily Functions of an Orthopedic Surgeon

Orthopedic surgeons diagnose and treat conditions throughout the entire musculoskeletal system. This includes:


  • Prevention of injuries or bone/joint diseases by providing safety information to the patient.
  • Diagnosis of the patient’s injury, disorder, or discomfort.
  • Physical Rehabilitation through exercise or physical therapy to restore movement, build strength, reduce swelling or pain, increase circulation.
  • Treatment through surgical or non-surgical procedures for disorders of the bones, joints, and acute or chronic conditions. An orthopedic surgeon may also treat patients with prescriptions after treatment has been assigned.


You’ve heard “musculoskeletal” used multiple times now. What does the musculoskeletal structure include in orthopedics? The musculoskeletal system is made up of:

  • Bones
  • Muscles
  • Tendons
  • Ligaments
  • Nerves


An orthopedic surgeon will diagnose and treat a patient who may be experiencing discomfort in any of the above parts of the human body.


Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Orthopedic surgeons may also work in sports medicine, treating athletes of all ages if a sports injury incurs so they can get back to the life they love. Athletes can include active children, teens, adults, and professionals in a given sport. Sports medicine is the practice of treating and preventing illnesses and injuries sustained during physical activities such as P.E., running, crossfit, bodybuilding, and sports programs.


Orthopedics and Stem Cell Therapy

Stem Cell Therapy, also known as regenerative medicine, is another treatment that an orthopedic surgeon may conduct.


Regenerative medicine is used in the form of tissue engineering, using the human body’s current cells for regeneration of other parts of the body experiencing the injury or discomfort. This is a less-intrusive treatment that uses familiar cells the body is more likely to heal from. Regenerative medicine heals the body faster and better than typical surgery for pains, discomforts, disorders, and injuries.


For regenerative medicine to work, stem cells are harvested from the patient’s body in high-cell-growth areas (that will heal quickly), then placed in the appropriate area for rebuilding and regrowing cellular tissue. There is minimal post-procedural recovery time, no risk of bodily rejection, and no use of general anesthesia.


Types of Orthopedic Surgeries

As aforementioned, orthopedic surgery doesn’t have to use intrusive tools and metals to heal the injured body part. There are various types of orthopedic surgeries available, depending on the orthopedic surgeon you choose.


Some of the most common types of orthopedic surgeries include the following.

  • Knee surgery (ACL, torn ligaments)
  • Joint replacement
  • Hand surgery, arthritis
  • Hip surgery
  • Foot and ankle injuries
  • Spinal surgery
  • Back pain
  • Shoulder injuries
  • Osteoporosis 
  • Pediatric injuries
  • Fracture trauma and care
  • Sports injuries
  • Limb deformities
  • Degenerative joint diseases (osteoarthritis, gout, bursitis)
  • Degenerative bone diseases (osteoporosis, osteogenesis, Paget’s disease)


These are a few of the musculoskeletal problems that orthopedic surgeons may treat. Talk with an orthopedic surgeon to learn more about what services they provide.


What is the Difference Between Orthopedics and Orthopaedics?



Both are technically correct terms that have been used for hundreds of years. The difference is that orthopedics is mainly used in the American-English language while orthopaedics is a British-English term.


So, don’t worry when you type in “orthopedic surgeon” or “orthopaedic surgeon” when you’re searching for a doctor that can help you with your discomforts or injuries. Both phrases still work.


Finding the Proper Orthopedic Surgeon

As previously discussed, not all orthopedic surgeons work in sports medicine, and not all are generalized doctors. In order to find the right orthopedic surgeon to diagnose and treat your injuries, you should do your research for local surgeons in your area.


Many orthopedic surgeons have websites nowadays, with lists of conditions they focus on treating and styles of surgical practices like regenerative medicine.

If you’re looking for a trustworthy and capable orthopedic surgeon who has years of experience in sports medicine and treating various musculoskeletal ailments, contact Dr. Parker! Dr. Parker is a board-certified doctor in Amarillo, Texas who is looking to help you with your needs. He is skilled in the treatment of knee and shoulder scopes, total hip and knee replacements and offers regenerative medicine options. Contact us today to see if we can help you get back to your healthy life.

Its Soccer Season! Treating Common Soccer Injuries

Its Soccer Season! Treating Common Soccer Injuries

Soccer is a sport that is played around the globe, bringing excitement and joy to millions of all ages. Participation in soccer is rising, so it is no surprise that the rate of soccer injury is high.

If you have recently experienced an incident on the field, we can help you reduce your risk of further complications and address any problematic symptoms. Early intervention will help you get back to normal in no time.

Common Soccer Injuries 

Sprains and Strains: usually involving the knee or ankle joints, sprains and strains are very common in soccer and most often occur as a result of sudden stopping movements. In mild cases, injuries may include rolled ankles or light sprains which will need to be treated to prevent swelling.

Fracture: colliding with another player can have very harmful results. While often only resulting in cuts or bruises, collisions with another player can result in painful fractures.

Head Injuries: head-on collisions carry a great risk of causing concussions. Symptoms usually involve a headache, loss of consciousness, dizziness and often memory loss.

Tendinitis: as inflammation is a natural way that the body responds to injury, tendonitis is a natural inflammatory response to injury to a tendon.

Treatment of Soccer Injuries 

Depending on the severity and location of the injury itself, Parker Sports Medicine and Orthopedics will offer a wide range of effective, non-invasive techniques and treatment methods. When you seek effective treatment for an acute injury, you will minimize recovery time. We can inform you how to prevent future incidences by addressing your posture and learning more effective warm-up strategies.

Contact our Parker Sports Medicine and Orthopedics for treatment of sports injuries and learn how to prevent them. 806-350-BONE (2663)

The 5 Most Common Basketball Injuries & How To Avoid Them 

The 5 Most Common Basketball Injuries & How To Avoid Them 


Its that time of year again, March Madness. College Basketballs biggest tournament takes center stage. March also brings warmer weather and the inclination to head out to your local court and ‘shoot some hoops’.

We’ve narrowed down the most common injuries faced by basketball players. As with most sports, sprains, strains and general trauma account for almost all of the injuries suffered, but that doesn’t give you much information. Here is a closer look at what types of injuries basketball players most commonly experience and how to avoid them.

1. Foot/Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are the worst offender. Whether its rolling an ankle, getting hit while scrambling for the ball, or accidentally getting stepped on, basketball leaves athletes most open to these types of injuries.

Prevention: Preventing foot and ankle injuries is all about support. Make sure you are wearing the right footwear. Indoor basketball shoes help prevent slipping and they will also provide a higher profile and more support around the ankle.

2. Hip/Thigh Injuries

Pivoting, running, jumping, and rebounding all place extra strain on the legs and hips, leaving players open to a variety of injuries. Hip strains and bruises can occur from contact on the court or over-extending of muscles and ligaments.

Prevention: Some injuries suffered through contact just cant be prevented but stretching is always a good plan of action. The more flexible your muscles and tendons are, the less likely you’ll be to over-extend them and injure yourself.

3. Knee Injuries

Severe injuries like ACL tears are not as common in basketball as they are in high contact sports, but sprains and strains still have the third highest incidence of occurring in basketball.

Prevention: Strengthening the muscles in your legs will help build better support for your knees, so this is one where hitting the gym can really help.

4. Wrist/Hand Injuries

Wrist and Hand injuries aren’t extremely common in basketball, which is surprising considering the game is played primarily with the hands.

Prevention: Keeping your hands and wrist in health condition is about awareness.

5. Head/Face Injuries

Bumping heads with another player or taking an accidental elbow to the face is never a fun situation. Getting hit in the face with the ball is probably even worse but all possible injuries a basketball player could potentially experience.

Prevention: The most important thing to watch out for it concussion symptoms. Be sure to monitor any symptoms. If there is any sign of concussion at all, seek immediate help from a professional.

If you are suffering from any type of sports injuries, be sure to contact Parker Sports Medicine and Orthopedics for a consultation.

A2M – The Miracle Molecule For Osteoarthritis Joint Pain

A2M – The Miracle Molecule For Osteoarthritis Joint Pain

Alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), or A2M injection therapy, uses proven scientific techniques and natural healing methods to treat osteoarthritis at its source. It is used to prevent cartilage breakdown in patients, promote tissue growth, and support the overall restoration of an affected joint.

A2M is a broad spectrum multi-purpose protease inhibitor, a powerful chemical in destroying proteins that cause arthritis, that captures and inactivates the three major chemicals that lead to joint breakdown and cartilage damage. A2M is used to biologically clean out your joint space and provide a healthier environment for repair.

Due to its large size, A2M cannot make it into the joint in high enough concentrations in certain circumstances, which can lead to chronic pain and the collapse of the joint. New technology allows doctors to use a highly concentrated injection of A2M into your joints to absorb the enzymes trying to digest cartilage.

A2M injections are minimally invasive and don’t require the use of a risky general anesthesia or invasive surgery. If you would like more information about this and other treatments available at Parker Sports Medicine and Orthopedics, contact our office at 806-350-2663.

Football Season & The Injuries That Come With It

Football Season & The Injuries That Come With It

A common injury in football is ACL injuries, specifically the ligament and tendon injuries.

We want to touch here on the knee injuries, the most common being ACL, Anterior Cruciate Ligament tears, medial collateral ligament tears, and meniscal tears, so cartilage injuries. Cartilage and ligament injuries are very common in football. It can be ligament tears or partial tears. Other injuries involve hamstring strains, such as muscle tendon in the leg, ankle sprains, shoulder contusions, and so forth.

With football, there is always a massive force that comes with throwing, catching, blocking, and carrying the ball through other tough athletes. Due to this, Labral or cartilage tears in the shoulder can occur. An athlete can fall, hurt the shoulder, and it could pop out of joint. Dislocations or instability of the shoulder is another, are other common injuries.

Of course, not all injuries are serious or career-ending, however, it is important to consider things to prevent damage and ensure to take proper healing into consideration, if and when these injuries do occur.

At Dr.Parker.com we use a variety of methods. We use regenerative medicine, as well as assessing if there is a need for braces, casts, injections, or others.

Football is a fun sport, to watch and play. To ensure you are taking proper precautions, Dr. James Parker, or Amarillo, TX, can help you prepare for games and give you the tips and care you need to feel and play at your best.

Contact us today at www.drparker.com  or  806.350.BONE (2663).

Common Fall Sport Injuries

Common Fall Sport Injuries

Fall is full of sports. Football season is under-way, cross-country, soccer, as well as volleyball, amongst others.

Athletes undergo an intense amount of training to prepare for the season, as well as games, matches, and competitions. All of which is demanding on the body, as athletes tend to have it “give it your all” attitude. As such, injuries are a common occurrence.

Various sports see different common injuries, requiring different treatment plans.

Dr. James Parker, of Parker Sports Medicine in Amarillo, Texas, works with many athletes, professional and university teams to correct, prevent, and/or manage sports injuries.

Some common injuries seen during the fall sports season include:

Knee Injury – ACL or Meniscus Tears, often due to over-running or landing wrong, or a hit

Stress Fractures – very common with cross-country (running)

Labral Tears – in the shoulders, rotator cuffs, as seen with throwing sports like football or volleyball

If you are an athlete, have a sports injury or want to prevent damage, or manage previous conditions, contact us at www.drparker.com